Madhav kumar nepal is making his first visit to india as the p.m of nepali republic.
After the resignation of maoist lader Prachanda the burden of being the prime minster fell on him. May 2010 is the deadline for the new constitution of nepal to be written.India doubts it with the maoists in opposition.
1. Nepal’s interim statute provides for an additional six months to finalise the new constitution
in the event of a national emergency.
2.If the elections are delayed distrust will increase between the maoists and its political rivals (the Nepali Congress & Unified Marxists-Leninists), imperilling the peace process for which Maoist insurgents had given up their armed struggle (in exchange for integration into a democratised national army).
3.NC and UML bosses would be quite happy to see the writing of the constitution delayed and elections postponed.
4.A section in india also believes that this is good as it would cause a split in he maoists.
COMBATANTS WAITING FOR INTEGRATION
1.Nearly 20,000 combatants from peoples' liberation army are waiting for integration into nepal's army and paramillitary forces.
2.Discourse on integration has become more opaque since when the prachanda government made the sacking of General Rookmangad Katawal (an issue on which it was prepared to quit).
1.Delaying or preventing integration keeps Maoist cadres out of the Nepal army but it also prolongs the existence of the PLA as a standalone force.
India needs to convince the nepal government that he limited number of PLA soldiers cannot alter the professional nature of the army.
2.No political party can have a serious objection to enshrining of the principle of civilian supremacy in the interim constitution and this will push the maoists back on board.
TRUST DEFICIT BETWEEN MAOISTS AND INDIA
1.There is a huge trust deficit between the Nepali Maoists and the Indian government.The maoist governmnt squandered most of the goodwill it has build on in new delhi and mistakes were also made from the indian side.
2.The unravelling of the Nepal peace process will lead to the fragmentation of Nepal’s polity in ways that will be harmful to India’s interests.
3. So New Delhi should stop sending negative or mixed signals on integration.