Saturday, August 29, 2009

  1. Since its independence in 1947, India has maintained cordial relationships with most nations.
  2. It took a leading role in the 1950s by advocating the independence of European colonies in Africa and Asia.
  3. India was involved in two brief military interventions in neighbouring countries – Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka and Operation Cactus in Maldives.
  4. India is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement.
  5. After the Sino-Indian War and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, India's relationship with the Soviet Union warmed and continued to remain so until the end of the Cold War.
  6. India has fought two wars with Pakistan over the Kashmir dispute.
  7. A third war between India and Pakistan in 1971 resulted in the creation of Bangladesh (then East Pakistan).
  8. Additional skirmishes have taken place between the two nations over the Siachen Glacier.
  9. In 1999, India and Pakistan fought an undeclared war over Kargil.
  10. In recent years, India has played an influential role in the SAARC, and the WTO
  11. India has provided as many as 55,000 Indian military and police personnel to serve in thirty-five UN peace keeping operations across four continents.
  12. Despite criticism and military sanctions, India has consistently refused to sign the CTBT and the NPT, preferring instead to maintain sovereignty over its nuclear program.
  13. Recent overtures by the Indian government have strengthened relations with the United States, China and Pakistan.
  14. In the economic sphere, India has close relationships with other developing nations in South America, Asia and Africa.
  15. India maintains the third-largest military force in the world, which consists of the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force and auxiliary forces such as the Paramilitary Forces, the Coast Guard, and the Strategic Forces Command.
  16. The President of India is the supreme commander of the Indian Armed Forces.
  17. India maintains close defence cooperation with Russia, Israel and France, who are the chief suppliers of arms.
  18. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) oversees indigenous development of sophisticated arms and military equipment, including ballistic missiles, fighter aircraft and main battle tanks, to reduce India's dependence on foreign imports.
  19. India became a nuclear power in 1974 after conducting an initial nuclear test, Operation Smiling Buddha and further underground testing in 1998.
  20. India maintains a "no first use" nuclear policy.
  21. On 10 October, 2008 Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement was signed, prior to which India received IAEA and NSG waivers, ending restrictions on nuclear technology commerce with which India became de facto sixth nuclear power in world.

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