Monday, August 24, 2009

Extracts from The Constitution of India


(The preamble is an introductory statement, a preliminary explanation.)

We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens :
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
In our consitutent assembly this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution.

Fundamental Rights

Right to Equality
Right to Freedom
Right against Exploitation
Right to Freedom of Religion
Cultural and Educational Right
Right to Constitutonal Remedies
Saving of Certain Laws

Fundamental Duties

To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;

To cherish and follow the noble ideas which inspired our national struggle for freedom;

To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;

To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities;to renounce practices deregatory to the dignity of women;

To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;

To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;

To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of enquiry and reform;

To safegaurd public property and to abjure violence;

To strive towards excellenc in all spheres of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.


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