Rabindranath Tagore (1861 - 1941)
For: Gitanjali (His collection of Poems, English version, published in 1912)
- He was first Asian to win Nobel Prize
- He wrote our National Anthem (Later translated into English and is known as morning song of India)
- He founded Shanti Niketan, which later became VishwaBharati University
- He also wrote the National Anthem of Bangladesh "Amar Sonar Bangla (My Bengal of gold)".
Sir C.V. Raman (Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman) (1888 - 1970)
For: "RAMAN" effect (Scattering of Light)
- He was the first Asian scientist to win the Nobel Prize.
- He also received Bharat Ratna and Lenin Peace Prize.
- He founded Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
Dr. Hargobind Khorana (1922 - )
Field: Medicine and Physiology
For: Genetic Study
- He produced the first artificial gene in his laboratory.
- He shared the Nobel Prize with Marshall Nuremberg and Robert Holley.
Mother Teresa (1910 - 1997)
For: Exemplary Charity and Social Service
- Born in Skoplje, Yugoslavia (then Turkey)
- Original Name: Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu
- Founded Missionaries Of Charity in Calcutta.
- Received Bharat Ratna Award in 1980
- Receive Magsaysay Award in 1962.
Dr. Subramaniam Chandrasekar (1910 - 2000)
For: his work on stars and their evolution (Chandrasekhar's Limit).
- The space telescope Chandra launched by NASA was named after him.
- He also served as the Governor of Maharashtra
- He received Bharat Ratna in 1998
Dr. Amartya Sen
For: Mathematical Solution to "Arrow's Impossibility Theorem"
There are some more Nobel Laureates who are related to India but are not Indians.
V.S. Naipaul, Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul (1932- )
[British writer of Indian origin]
Rajendra K. Pachauri (1940 - )
For: Peace and Environment Conservation
- He accepted the prize on behalf of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as he was the chairman.
- He shared the award with Al Gore, Vice President of USA