Wednesday, December 2, 2009

  1. The Ottawa Treaty or the Mine Ban Treaty, formally the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, bans completely all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines). As of May 2009, there were 156 States Parties to the treaty. Two states have signed but not yet ratified it. Thirty-seven states, including the People's Republic of China, India, Russia and the United States, are not party to the Convention.
  2. On 2 December 2009, Rwanda became the first country to be declared free of landmines.
  3. Pretoria Accord----Rwandan troops withdraw from the Democratic Republic of the Congo in exchange for international commitment towards the disarmament of the interahamwe and the ex-FAR fighters.(2002)
  4. The Constitutive Treaty of the Union of South American Nations was signed on May 23, 2008 during the Third Summit of Heads of State and Government held in Brasília, Brazil. It officially established the Union of South American Nations, a supranational continental union of twelve South American nations.
  5. The Treaty of Lisbon (initially known as the Reform Treaty) is a treaty that was signed by the European Union (EU) member states on 13 December 2007, and entered into force on 1 December 2009. It amends the Treaty on European Union (TEU, Maastricht; 1992) and the Treaty establishing the European Community (TEC, Rome; 1957). In this process, the TEC was renamed to Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).
    Prominent changes included more qualified majority voting in the Council of Ministers, increased involvement of the European Parliament in the legislative process through extended codecision with the Council of Ministers, the elimination of the pillar system and the creation of a long-term President of the European Council and a High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy to present a united position on EU policies. The Treaty also made the Union's human rights charter, the Charter of Fundamental Rights, legally binding.
  6. The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (abbreviated WHO FCTC) is a treaty adopted by the 56th World Health Assembly on May 21, 2003The objective of the treaty is "to protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke."
  7. Waziristan Accord----    Ends Waziristan war.(2006)
  8. Tripoli Agreement-----    Ends Chadian-Sudanese conflict.(2006)
  9. St Andrews Agreement------    Resolves outstanding grievances in the Northern Ireland peace process, enabling devolved power-sharing government to resume.(2006)
  10. Treaty of Accession 2005-----    Integrates two nations (Bulgaria and Romania) into the European Union; came into force on January 1, 2007.

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