To examine and analyse the factors contributing to the improvement of economic and social well-being of people in rural areas on a sustainable basis with focus on the rural poor and the other disadvantaged groups through research, action research and consultancy efforts.
To facilitate the rural development efforts with particular emphasis and focus on the rural poor by improving the knowledge,skills and attitudes of rural development officials and non-officials through organising training, workshops and seminars.
NIRD is governed by a General Council headed by the Union Minister for Rural Development. An eleven-member Executive Council oversees the implementation of policies. The Academic Committee helps in planning the training and research programs. The Director General is the Chief Executive and heads the management team.