" Power has only one duty - to secure the " of the People.
The Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Govt of India is monitoring the entire The purpose of this special drive is to ensure that all wage seeking families access:
ROLE OF PANCHAYATS
· The implementation of MGNREGA largely depends on the active participation of three-tier decentralized self governance units called Panchayat institutions.
· The panchayats are required to
1. estimate labor demand,
2. identify works and demarcate work sites,
3. prioritize works,
4. Prepare village/block/district level development plans in advance for the continuous and smooth planning and the execution of this wage employment programme.
The Panchayats are responsible for processing the registration of job seekers, issuance of job cards, receipts of applications for employment, allotment of jobs, identification of work sites, planning, allocation and execution of works, payment of wages and commencement of social audit, transparency and accountability check at the grass-root level.
Budget 2013-14 : MGNREGS will get Rs 33,000 crore
The Centre proposes to create a biometric database of all workers covered under
the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. It will be used
to authenticate work applications, work-site attendance and wage payments
The MGNREGA is implemented solely by the state governments while the Centre allocates funds.
· Launched on 2nd October 1975, today, ICDS Scheme represents one of the world’s largest and most unique programmes for early childhood development.
· ICDS is the foremost symbol of India’s commitment to her children – India’s response to the challenge of providing pre-school education on one hand and breaking the vicious cycle of malnutrition, morbidity, reduced learning capacity and mortality, on the other.
Three of the six services namely Immunization, Health Check-up and Referral Services delivered through Public Health Infrastructure under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
· ICDS is a Centrally-sponsored Scheme implemented through the State Governments/UT Administrations. Prior to 2005-06, 100% financial assistance for inputs other than supplementary nutrition, which the States were to provide out of their own resources, was being provided by the Government of India.
· Since many States were not providing adequately for supplementary nutrition in view of resource constraints, it was decided in 2005-06 to support to States up to 50% of the financial norms or to support 50% of expenditure incurred by them on supplementary nutrition, whichever is less.
· From the financial year 2009-10, Government of India has modified the funding pattern of ICDS between Centre and States.
· The sharing pattern of supplementary nutrition in respect of North-eastern States between Centre and States has been changed from 50:50 to 90:10 ratios.
· So far as other States and UTs, the existing sharing pattern of 50:50 continues. However, for all other components of ICDS, the ratio has been modified to 90:10(100% Central Assistance earlier).
· Started in 1985 as part of the Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP), Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) was subsumed in Jawahar rojgar Yojana (JRY) in 1989 and has been operating as an independent scheme since 1996
· to provide financial assistance to some of the weakest sections of society for them to upgrade or construct a house of respectable quality for their personal living.
· The vision of the government is to replace all temporary (kutchcha) houses from Indian villages by 2017
· Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes,
· freed bonded labourers,
· minorities and non-SC/ST rural households in the BP category,
· widows and
· next-of-kin to defence personnel/paramilitary forces killed in action (irrespective of their income criteria),
· ex-servicemen and
· retired members of paramilitary forces residing in rural areas(i) Enhancement of unit assistance under the Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) from Rs. 45,000/- to Rs. 70,000/- in plain areas and from Rs. 48,500/- to Rs. 75,000/- in hilly and difficult areas.
(ii) Enhancement of unit assistance provided for homestead site to rural Below Poverty Line (BPL) households who have neither agricultural land nor a house site for purchase/acquisition of a homestead site from Rs.10,000/- to Rs.20,000/-.
· centrally sponsored scheme funded on a cost sharing basis between the Central Government and the State Government in the 75%:25% ratio,
· Except in case of North-eastern states and Union Territories (UTs).
· For NE states the central government funds 90% and 100% for the UTs.
Budget 2013-14 : Indira Awaas Yojana, IAY has been allocated Rs 15,184 crore.
· Launched the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana on 25th December, 2000 to provide all-weather access to unconnected habitations.· 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme
The goal was to provide roads to all villages
(1) with a population of 1000 persons and above by 2003,
(2) with a population of 500 persons and above by 2007,
(3) in hill states, tribal and desert area villages with a population of 500 persons and above by 2003, and
(4) in hill states, tribal and desert area villages with a population of 250 persons and above by 2007
Budget 2013-14 : Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, PMGSY is given Rs 21,700 crore
· In order to improve the quality of life and the various infrastructures in the cities, the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India introduced the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM), which involves a total investment plan of more than $20 billion over a period of seven years.
· The scheme was named after the first Prime Minister of India, Dr. Jawaharlal Nehru and was inaugurated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 3 December 2005.
· This program is mainly to cater to the improvements on quality of life and infrastructure in various cities across the country.
tradition primarily focuses on development of Rural Areas, more so the under
developed villages, and thus the JNNURM project is aimed to achieve the
redevelopment of various Indian cities.
· Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India's flagship programme for achievement of Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time bound manner, as mandated by
· 86th amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education to the Children of 6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right.
· SSA is being implemented in partnership with State Governments to cover the entire country and address the needs of 192 million children in 1.1 million habitations.
· The programme seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have schooling facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through provision of additional class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant and school improvement grants.
· SSA has a special focus on girl's education and children with special needs. SSA also seeks to provide computer education to bridge the digital divide.
i) Funding pattern between Central and States /UTs for Sarva Shiksha Abhiya (SSA) to be modified as under :
2007-08 = 65:35
2008-09 = 65:35
2009-10 = 60:40
2010-11 = 55:45
2011-12 = 50:50
ii) Funding Pattern for the 8 North-Eastern States, to be modified as 90:10 under the SSA.
· The name of the Scheme was changed from ‘National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education’ to ‘National Programme of Mid Day Meal in Schools’
· The scheme was introduced in Tamilnadu by the then Chief Minister K. Kamaraj in the 1960s and later expanded by the M. G. Ramachandran government in 1982.
· It has been adopted by most Indian states after a landmark direction by the Supreme Court of India on November 28, 2001.
KEY OBJECTIVES of the programme are:
1. protecting children from classroom hunger,
2. increasing school enrollment and attendance,
3. improved socialization among children belonging to all castes,
4. addressing malnutrition, and
5. Social empowerment through provision of employment to women.
BENEFICIARIES : children studying in1. Government, Government aided and local body schools,
2. Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) and Alternative & Innovative Education (AIE) centres.3. recognized as well as unrecognized Madarsas / Maqtabs supported under SSA
Class I- V: 450 Calories and 12 gram of protein
UPPER PRIM. CLASS : 700 Calories and 20 gram of protein
· an Indian health program for improving health care delivery across rural India. The mission, initially mooted for 7 years (2005-2012), is run by the Ministry of Health.
· The scheme proposes a number of new mechanism for healthcare delivery including training local residents as Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA) and the Janani Suraksha Yojana (motherhood protection program).
· It also aims at improving hygiene and sanitation infrastructure.
The mission has a special focus on 18 states -- >
The major objectives or National Rural Health Mission was to ensure the following issues: ¨ Development of Infrastructure of state governments
Ø What are the core strategies of NRHM?
The core strategies of NRHM include,
decentralized village and district level health planning and
Rural sanitation came into focus in the
Government of India in the World Water Decade of1980s.
The National Social Assistance
Programme(NSAP) which came into effect from 15th August,1995 represents a
significant step towards the fulfillment of the Directive Principles in
Article 41 of the Constitution.