Tuesday, August 17, 2010

Madan Lal Dhingra (1883–1909) was an Indian revolutionary freedom fighter.While studying in England, he assassinated Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie, a British official, hailed as one of the first acts of revolution in the Indian independence movement in the20th century.

Vināyak Dāmodar Sāvarkar  was great freedom fighter, an Hindu revolutionary and politician, who is credited with developing the Hindu nationalist political ideology Hindutva. He is considered to be the central icon of modern Hindu nationalist political parties. .The commemorative blue plaque on India House fixed by the Historic Building and Monuments Commission for England reads "Vinayak Damodar Savarkar 1883-1966 Indian patriot and philosopher lived here".
Savarkar's revolutionary activities began when studying in India and England, where he was associated with the India House and founded student societies including Abhinav Bharat Society and the Free India Society, as well as publications espousing the cause of complete Indian independence by revolutionary means.
Savarkar published The Indian War of Independence about the Indian rebellion of 1857 that was banned by British authorities. He was arrested in 1910 for his connections with the revolutionary group India House. Following a failed attempt to escape while being transported from Marseilles, Savarkar was sentenced to 50 years' imprisonment and moved to the Cellular Jail in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
While in jail, Savarkar wrote the work describing Hindutva, openly espousing Hindu nationalism. He was released in 1921 under restrictions after signing a plea for clemency in which he renounced revolutionary activities. Travelling widely, Savarkar became a forceful orator and writer, advocating Hindu political and social unity. Serving as the president of the Hindu Mahasabha, Savarkar endorsed the ideal of India as a Hindu Rashtra and opposed the Quit India struggle in 1942. He became a fierce critic of the Indian National Congress and its acceptance of India's partition, and was one of those accused in the assassination of Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi, though he was acquitted for a lack of evidence. He spent the last years of his life writing and expounding on Hindutva.
The airport at Port BlairAndaman and Nicobar's capital has been named Veer Savarkar International Airport 

Dr Abhinash Chandra Bhattacharya was an radical Indian nationalist noted for his role in the Indo-German Conspiracy of World War I. Born in Tripura India, Bhattacharya in his youth became involved with the works of the Anushilan Samiti. In 1910, Abhinash Bhattacharya proceeded to Germany to qualify as a Chemist. During his stay in the country, Bhattacharya again became involved in the Indian nationalist movement there, reviving old acquaintances from his Anushilan days. He was at this time close to Virendranath Chattopadhyaya and Harish Chandra and, through his acquaintance with the Prussian Minister of Interior, Bhattacharya became one of the Key founding member of theBerlin Committee, which during the war came to be involved in a number of failed plans for nationalist revolution within India and mutiny in theIndian Army.

MPT Acharya (1887–1951) was an Indian nationalist, a key member of India House, and one of the founding members of the Communist Party of India. In a long political and activist life, Acharya was at various times associated with India House in London and the Hindu-German Conspiracy during World War I when, as a key functionary of the Berlin Committee, he along with Har Dayal sought to establish the Indian National Volunteer Corps with Indian prisoners of war from the battlefields ofMesopotamia and Europe. Acharya subsequently moved in 1919 after the end of the war to the Soviet Union, where he was one of the founding members of the Communist Party of India at Tashkent. However, disappointed with the Communist International, Acharya returned to Europe in the 1920s where he was involved with the League against Imperialism and subsequently is known to have been involved with the InternationalAnarchist movement.


Blog Archive