Foreign direct investment (FDI)
FDI has helped the Indian grow, and the government continues to encourage more of this sort - but with $5.3 billion in in 2004 India gets less than 10% of the FDI of China.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) in India has played an important role in the development of the Indian economy. FDI in India has - in many ways - enabled India to achieve a certain degree of financial stability, growth and development. This money has allowed India to focus on the areas that may have needed economic attention, and address the various problems that continue to challenge the country.
India has continually sought to attract FDI from the world’s major . In 1998 and 1999, the Indian national government announced a number of reforms designed to encourage FDI and present a favorable scenario for investors.
FDI investments are permitted through financial collaborations, through private equity or preferential allotments, by way of capital markets through Euro issues, and in joint ventures. FDI is not permitted in the arms, nuclear, railway, coal & lignite or mining industries.
A number of projects have been announced in areas such as electricity generation, distribution and transmission, as well as the development of roads and highways, with opportunities for foreign investors.
The Indian national government also provided permission to FDIs to provide up to 100% of the financing required for the construction of bridges and tunnels, but with a limit on foreign equity of INR 1,500 crores, approximately $352.5m.