Wednesday, September 18, 2013

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South East Asian countries aim to get rid of Measles by 2020: WHO

>> As per the World Health Organization (WHO), South East Asian countries have set a target to wipe out measles and control rubella and congenital syndrome by the year 2020.
>> The effort is estimated to cost $ 800 million.

♣♣ What is the status of measles in South East Asia region
  • An estimated 8 million children are vulnerable against measles in South East Asia region as they are not vaccinated against the disease. 
  • Measles accounted for the death of over 70,700 children in the region in 2011, which was about 45% of global measles deaths.

♣♣ What is measles
Measlesis an infection of the respiratory system caused by a virus, specifically aparamyxo virus of the genus Morbilli virus which are enveloped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses.

♣♣ Symptoms:
  • Fever, cough, runny nose, red eyes and a generalized, maculopapular, erythematous rash. 
  • The disease is contracted by children with low immunity and can cause acute respiratory problems, diarrhoea and pneumonia. 
  • It can also result in disabilities such as visual impairment.

♣♣ Transmission :
Through respiration (contact with fluids from an infected person’s nose and mouth, either directly or through aerosol transmission).

♣♣ What is the status of measles in India
  • Although the expansion of vaccine coverage India has significantly reduced the child mortality due measles, the disease continues to remain a major cause of death among children, claiming between 50,000 to 100,000 lives every year. 
  • At present, only 70% of children in the country are protected against it.

♣♣ How can measles be prevented
Measles can be prevented by a single dose of vaccine if given when the child is between 9 and 12 months.

Difference between Measles and German 

Measles ?


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