COP16/CMP6 is the 16th edition of Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP) and the 6th Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP).
“Parties” refers to all the national states that signed and ratified both of the international treaties, committing to observe and comply with its terms regarding international cooperation against climate change.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change has been signed by 194 State Parties (and the Kyoto Protocol has been ratify by 184 State Parties . In accordance with Article 7 of the Convention, the Conference of the Parties in its authority of the supreme body has the mandate of adopting the necessary decisions for the promotion of its effective application.
The name COP refers to the english acronysm of the reunions of the State Parties on numerous International Treaties ("Conference of Parties").
However, due to the relevance of the subject within the international agenda, the name COP is related to Climate Change. These conferences are celebrated annually between the months of November and December. This year, the Conference will take place in Cancun, Mexico, yet it is important to highlight that it is the Convention's Secretariat that organizes them in conformity to the reunions standards established by the United Nations.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is composed of two general categories of participants:
The State Parties and the observers.
The observers are divided into Intergovernmental Organizations and Nongovernmental Organizations (Article 7 section 6), who must register and accredit themselves before the Convention's Secretariat in order to participate in the Conferences. Only the representatives of the registered organizations will be allowed to assist attend the sessions of the different bodies of the Convention, as observers