Saturday, July 24, 2010

Indian Commissions

* Balwant Rai Mehta Committee

The Government of India appointed a committee in January 1957 to examine the working of the Community Development Programme (1952) and the National Extension Service (1953) and to suggest measures for their better working. The Chairman of this committee was Balwant Rai G Mehta. The committee submitted its report in November 1957 and recommended the establishment of the scheme of
'democratic decentralization' which finally came to be known as Panchayati Raj.
The specific recommendations of the committee are:
1. Establishment of a 3-tier Panchayati Raj system-Gram Panchayat at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at the block level, and Zila Parishad at the district level. These tiers should be organically linked through a device of indirect elections.

* Ashok Mehta Committee

In December 1977, the Janata Government appointed a committee on Panchayati Raj.
The main recommendations of the committee are:
1. The 3-tier system of Panchayati Raj should be replaced by the 2-tier system: Zilla Parishad at the district level, and below it, the Mandal Panchayat consisting of a group of villages covering a population of 15000 to 20000.

* Shah Nawaz Committee

The Shah Nawaz Committee was an enquiry committee established in 1956 to investigate the controversies surrounding the supposed death of Indian war time leader Subhas Chandra Bose in August 1945. The Committee included Shah Nawaz Khan and also included A C Moitra and Suresh Chandra Bose. The committee was appointed in December 1955 and began its work in April the next year. It submitted its report in July 1956. However, the committee was notable in two of the members, Moitra and Bose, submitting was has since come to be called the "Dissident Report" that differed from the official report of the committee submitted by Khan to the Indian Government.

* Khosla Commission
The Khosla Commission was a one-man commission headed by Justice GD Khosla that was established in India in July 1970 to re-investigate the circumstances surrounding the supposed death of Indian war-time leader Subhas Chandra Bose. The commission sat for four years and submitted the G D Khosla Report, which reached the same conclusions as those reached by the Shah Nawaz Committee in 1956. However, the conclusions of these two reports have since been criticized as incorrect and questionable.

* Mukherjee Commission
The Mukherjee Commission refers to the one-man board of Mr. Justice Manoj Mukherjee, a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India which was instituted in 1999 to enquire into the controversy surrounding the reported death of Subhas Chandra Bose in 1945.

* Central Vigilance Commission
Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is an apex Indian governmental body created in 1964 to address governmental corruption.
It was set up by the Government of India in February, 1964 on the recommendations of the
Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance. Nittoor Srinivasa Rau, was selected as the first Chief Vigilance Commissioner of India.

* Finance Commission of India
The Constitution of India provides for the establishment of a Finance Commission for the purpose of allocation of certain resources of revenue between the Union and the State Governments. The Finance Commission is established under Article 280 of the Constitution of India by the President.

Chairman: Vijay Kelkar 2010-2015

* Indian Geophysical Union
The Indian Geophysical Union is the government of India's scientific body responsible for all activities related with Earth Science System such as such as seismology, magnetism, meteorology, geodesy, volcanology, oceanography, hydrology and tectonophysics and to encourage the study of and research in geophysical problems and to provide media for publication of the results. It is situated near another Geophysical Centre INCOIS Hyderabad.

INCOIS Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) is a national agency of the Government of India, under Ministry of Earth Sciences. It provides ocean information and advisory services to the society, industry, government and scientific community through sustained ocean observations and constant improvements through systematic and focused research.

* Investment commission of India
The Investment commission of India is a three-member commission set up in the Ministry of Finance in December 2004 by the Government of India. Mr. Ratan Tata is Chairman and Mr. Deepak Parekh and Dr. Ashok Ganguly are members.

* National Knowledge Commission
On 13th June, 2005, the Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, constituted the National Knowledge Commission, as a think-tank charged with considering possible policy that might sharpen India's comparative advantage in the knowledge-intensive service sectors.
In particular, the Commission was to advise the Prime Minister's Office on policy related to education, research institutes and reforms needed to make India competitive in the knowledge economy. The Commission was to recommend reform of the education sector, research labs, and intellectual property legislation; as well as consider whether the Government could itself upgrade its use of the latest techniques to make its workings more transparent.
The NKC website was launched in February 2006.
The National Knowledge Commission (NKC) consists of the following seven members.

  • Sam Pitroda, Chairman,
  • Ashok Ganguly, corporate leader
  • Nandan Nilekani, Infosys,
  • Dr. Deepak Nayyar, former Vice-chancellor, University of Delhi
  • Dr. Jayati Ghosh, economist at Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Dr. Sujatha Ramadorai, TIFR
  • Dr. P Balaram, Indian Institute of Science, Banglore

* States Reorganisation Commission
The States Reorganisation Commission was constituted by the Central Government of India under the States Reorganisation Act and consisted of Hon. Fazal Ali, K.M. Panikker, and H.N. Kunzru. The Report submitted by the Committee in 1955 known as SRC Report went in to the problems of Telangana and Andhra regions, and the arguments for and against the merger of two regions.

* Sarkaria Commission
Sarkaria Commission was set up in June 1983 by the central government of India. The Sarkaria Commission's charter was to examine the relationship and balance of power between state and central governments in the country and suggest changes within the framework of Constitution of India. The Commission was so named as it was headed by Justice Rajinder Singh Sarkaria, a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.

* Shah Commission
Shah Commission was a commission of inquiry appointed by Government of India in 1977 to inquire into all the excesses committed in the Indian Emergency (1975 - 77). It was headed by Justice J.C. Shah.

* Liberhan Commission
Liberhan Commission headed by the retired judge of Supreme Court
M S Liberhan was constituted on December 16, 1992 by an order of the Indian union home ministry following the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya on 6 December and the riots in Ayodhya city. The Commission was expected to submit its report within three months.

* Nanavati commission

The Justice G.T. Nanavati commission was established by the Indian Government in 2000 to investigate the 1984 Anti-Sikh riots.
The report was 185 pages long. The commission submitted its final report in February 2004 detailing accusations and evidence against senior members of the Delhi wing of the then ruling
Congress Party, including Jagdish Tytler, later a Cabinet Minister, MP Sajjan Kumar and late minister H.K.L. Bhagat. They were accused of instigating mobs to avenge the assassination of Indira Gandhi by killing Sikhs in their constituencies.
The Commission also held the then Delhi police commissioner S.C. Tandon directly responsible for the riots.

* Kalelkar Commission
He is known as "artist of short sentences.”First Backward Classes Commission, 1955 or the Kaka Kalelkar Commission
Adhering to Article 340, the First Backward Classes Commission was set up by a presidential order on January 29, 1953 under the chairmanship of Kaka Kalelkar

* Mandal Commission

The Mandal Commission in India was established in 1979 by the Janata Party government under Prime Minister Morarji Desai with a mandate to "identify the socially or educationally backward." It was headed by Indian parliamentarian Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal to consider the question of seat reservations and quotas for people to redress caste discrimination, and used eleven social, economic, and educational indicators to determine "backwardness." In 1980, the commission's report affirmed the affirmative action practice under Indian law whereby members of lower castes (known as Other Backward Classes and Scheduled Castes and Tribes) were given exclusive access to a certain portion of government jobs and slots in public universities, and recommended changes to these quotas, increasing them by 27% to 49.5%.

* National Commission for Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes

The National Commission for Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes (NCDNSNT) is a national commission set under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India, to study various developmental aspects of denotified and nomadic or semi-nomadic tribes in India.
The Commission was first was set up on 22/11/2003, and reconstituted on 16/3/2005 as the earlier commission could not be able to make much headway for number of reasons
. Mr. Balkrishna Sidram Renke, Laxmanbhai Kalidas Patni and Laxmi Chand were appointed as the Chairperson, Member and Member Secretary of the commission respectively. The Commission assumed its functioning w.e.f. 6th February, 2006.
The Commission submitted its report on 2/7/2008 making several recommendations, which include that same reservations as available to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes be extended to around 11 crore people of denotified and nomadic or semi-nomadic tribes in India; its also recommended that the provisions of the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 be applicable to these tribes as well.

* National Commission for Minorities

The National Commission for Minorities (NCM) is a body constituted by the Government of India to monitor and evaluate the progress of people classified as minorities by the Indian government. Essentially the minorities in India consist of followers of all religions other than Hinduism and weaker sections in the Hindu community. The Commission is also referred to as the Minority Commission. It was formed as a result of an act of the Indian Parliament in 1993.
The current commission constituted in 2006 (fifth to date) consists of:

  • Mohammad Shafi Qureshi - Chairperson
  • Michael P Pinto - Vice Chairperson
  • Harcharan Singh Josh - Member
  • Lama Chosphel Zotpa - Member
  • Dileep Padagaonkar - Member
  • Zoya Hasan - Member
  • The commission also employs other officers as well.

* National Commission for Women

The National Commission for Women (NCW) is a statutory body for women, set up in 1992, by Government of India, under specific provisions, National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (Act No. 20 of 1990 of Govt.of India.), of the Indian Constitution .

` The present head of the Commission is Girija Vyas.

* National Human Rights Commission of India

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is an autonomous statutory body established on October 12, 1993, under the provisions of The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (TPHRA). The Commission is in conformity with the Paris Principles - a broad set of principles agreed upon by a number of nations for the promotion and protection of human rights, in Paris in October 1991


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