Saturday, May 21, 2016

Recently launched schemes by Modiji last year as far as ICAR is concerned 

Farmer FIRST: 
The new proposed project – ‘Farmer FIRST’ is an ICAR initiative to move beyond the production and productivity and to privilege the complex, diverse & risk prone realities of majority of the farmers through enhancing farmers-scientists contact with multi stake holders-participation. 

The focus is on Farmer’s Farm, Innovations, Resources, Science and Technology (FIRST). Many aspects are multiple or multi; multiple stakeholders, multiple perspectives, multiple realities, multi-functional agriculture, multi-method approaches. There are concepts and domains that are new or new in emphasis like food systems, trade, market chains, value chains, innovation pathways and most of all innovation systems.
 The project is conceptualized to deal with focus on: 
i) Enabling involvement of researchers for continuous interaction with farm conditions, problem orientation, exchange of knowledge between farmers and other stakeholders, prioritization of problems and setting up of research agenda; 
ii) Integrating components of technology for application in different agro-ecosystems with focus on innovations and feedback; 
iii) Building partnerships involving different stakeholders; development of rural based institutions; agro-ecosystem and stakeholders analysis and impact studies and
iv) Using the platform of the project having commodity institutions as partners to develop commodity specific contents for e-enabled knowledge sharing. It is envisaged that project will provide a platform of creating linkages, capacity building, technology adaptation and application, on-site input management, feedback and institution building.
Mera Gaon-Mera Gaurav: 

  • To enhance the direct interface of scientists with the farmers, an innovative initiative has been launched as “Mera Gaon- Mera Gaurav”  which will hasten the lab to land approach.  
  • The objective of this initiative is to provide farmers with required information, knowledge and advisories on regular basis. 
  • Under this scheme, groups of scientists will select villages and will remain in touch with that village and provide information to farmers on technical and other related aspects in a time frame through personal visits or through telecommunication. 
  • In this way, 20,000 scientists of National Agricultural Research and Education System (NARES) can work directly in villages.

Attracting and Retaining Youth in Agriculture (ARYA): 
(Leftists will call this mnemonic as Sanskritization :D .. nyways)
Realizing the importance of rural youth in agricultural development especially from the point of view of food security of the country, ICAR has initiated a programme on “Attracting and Retaining Youth in Agriculture”. 
The objectives of ARYA project are :-
(i) To attract and empower the Youth in Rural Areas to take up various Agriculture, allied and service sector enterprises for sustainable income and gainful employment in selected districts, 
(ii) to enable the Farm Youth to establish network groups to take up resource and capital intensive activities like processing, value addition and marketing, and 
(iii) To demonstrate functional linkage with different institutions and stakeholders for convergence of opportunities available under various schemes/program for sustainable development of youth.
ARYA project will be implemented in 25 States through KVKs, one district from each State. In one district, 200-300 rural youths will be identified for their skill development in entrepreneurial activities and establishment of related micro-enterprise units in the area of Apiary, Mushroom, Seed Processing, Soil testing, Poultry, Dairy, Goatry, Carp-hatchery, Vermi-compost etc., KVKs will involve the Agricultural Universities and ICAR Institutes as Technology Partners. At KVKs also one or two enterprise units will be established so that they serve as entrepreneurial training units for farmers. The purpose is to establish economic models for youth in the villages so that youths get attracted in agriculture and overall rural situation is improved.
Skill development of rural youths will help in improving their confidence levels and encourage them to pursue farming as profession, generate additional employment opportunities to absorb under employed and unemployed rural youth in secondary agriculture and service related activities in rural areas. The concurrent monitoring, evaluation and mid-term correction will be an integral part of project implementation.
  • The term READY refers to “Rural and Entrepreneurship Awareness Development Yojana”. 
  • Student READY is Skill development initiative to strengthen students with skills, so as to enable them to tackle global challenges, and to improve both their employability as well as ability to set up a venture. 
  • Student READY concept signifies this as a Finishing school for the undergraduate students.
  • The students get experience of working on farm in coordination with research stations and KVKs under RAWE Component. 
  • The students also stay in villages with farm families, agro based industries, cooperatives during phases of the RAWE programme to enable them to get real life field experience, understating of the problems and enable them to gain confidence to tackle these problems. 
  • Approximately, 25000 graduates as Student READY will be a mandatory requirement for the UG Degree
  • It is an all inclusive approach to strengthen the entrepreneurship development scenario in the country which is competent, quality conscious, market savvy, innovative and has globally competitive entrepreneurs shall be carefully mentored and encouraged.  
  • The programme will attract youth towards agriculture and allied sector and such ventures, when established will help improve economic conditions in rural areas.
 All out efforts are being made to raise profitability of agriculture for making it a really attractive occupation, especially for youth.

Now let's see something other than this done by ICAR recently !!

  • Swarna Shreya, a new rice variety for drought–prone conditions was released.

  • Biofortified rice variety CR Dhan 310 was commercialized successfully in the Indo-Gangetic Plains belt 
  • A new fish species Clarias serratobrachium sp. nov. was discovered from the wetlands along Indo-Burma border. 
  • To beat drought, ICAR eyes GM sugarcane.GM sugarcane in water-stressed areas can offer hope in Maharashtra and other parts of India.

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