- The juicy Nagpur orange, the famous tribal Warli art, Dharmavaram saris and Kerala’s Kaipad rice have been cleared for inclusion in Geographical Indications (GI) registry in the country.
- The logo for Leather Toys of Indore (already a GI product) was also approved.
- The Warli tribal art, representing the folklore of the Warli tribe, is mostly practised by women and has become popular among the art connoisseurs in recent times.
- The famous saris coming from Dharmavaram, a weaving cluster in Ananthpur of Andhra Pradesh, have been described by the Andhra Pradesh Weavers Cooperative Society Ltd. as saris with broad solid colour borders with contrast pallus woven with brocaded gold patterns.
- Kaipad rice is the system of paddy cultivation in brackish water.
The wait for the famous Hyderabad Biryani to get the GI tag continues as the application was kept pending for want of documents.The Connoisseurs of Deccani Biryani Maker Association, the applicant for the GI tag, was not able to produce historical records such as gazette or writings
What is a Geographical Indication?
- · It is an indication
- · It originates from a definite geographical territory.
- · It is used to identify agricultural, natural or manufactured goods
- · The manufactured goods should be produced or processed or prepared in that territory.
- · It should have a special quality or reputation or other characteristics
1. A Geographical Indications Registry with all India jurisdiction operates in Chennai, as per the Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act 1999.
2. Under the Act, agricultural, natural or manufactured goods originating or manufactured in the territory of a country, or a region or locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of such goods is essentially attributable to its geographical origin and in cases where such goods are manufactured goods, one of the activities of either production or of processing or preparation of the goods concerned takes place in such territory, region or locality, are registrable as Geographical Indications.
3. Whether a particular product is registrable or not is determined by the Registrar of Geographical Indications, on receipt of the application.
Benefits of Geographical Indication
- · It confers legal protection to Geographical Indications in India
- · Prevents unauthorised use of a Registered Geographical Indication by others
- · It provides legal protection to Indian Geographical Indications which in turn boost exports.
- · It promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory.
Who can apply for the registration of a geographical indication?
- · Any association of persons, producers, organisation or authority established by or under the law can apply:
- · The applicant must represent the interest of the producers
- · The application should be in writing in the prescribed form
- · The application should be addressed to the Registrar of Geographical Indications alongwith prescribed fee.
- · Any association of persons, producers, organisation or authority established by or under the law can be a registered proprietor.
- · Their name should be entered in the Register of Geographical Indication as registered proprietor for the Geographical Indication applied for.
- · A producer of goods can apply for registration as an authorised user
- · It must be in respect of a registered geographical indication
- · He should apply in writing in the prescribed form along with prescribed fee
· An authorised user has the exclusive rights to the use of geographical indication in relation to goods in respect of which it is registered.
Who is a producer in relation to a Geographical Indication?
The persons dealing with three categories of goods are covered under the term Producer:
- · Agricultural Goods includes the production, processing, trading or dealing
- · Natural Goods includes exploiting, trading or dealing
- · Handicrafts or Industrial goods includes making, manufacturing, trading or dealing.
How long the registration of Geographical Indication is valid?
· The registration of a geographical indication is valid for a period of 10 years
Can a Geographical Indication be renewed?
· It can be renewed from time to time for further period of 10 years each.
What is the effect if a Geographical Indication if it is not renewed?
· If a registered geographical indication is not renewed it is liable to be removed from the register.
Can a registered geographical indication be assigned, transmitted, etc?
- · No. A geographical indication is a public property belonging to the producers of the concerned goods.
- · It shall not be the subject matter of assignment, transmission, licensing, pledge, mortgage or such other agreement
- · However, when an authorised user dies, his right devolves on his successor in title.
Can a registered geographical indication or a registered authorised user be removed from the register?
· Yes. The Appellate Board or the Registrar of Geographical Indications has the power to remove the geographical indication or an authorised user from the register. Further, on application by an aggrieved person action can be taken.
How a geographical indication is different from a trade mark?
- · A trade mark is a sign which is used in the course of trade and it distinguishes goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises.
- · Whereas a geographical indication is an indication used to identify goods having special characteristics originating from a definite geographical territory.
Some products with GI Tag (List includes products from 2003-2008)
1. Darjeeling Tea (Name and Logo).
2. Kangra Tea – Himachal Pradesh
3. Assam Tea (Application of Assam Tea under process (November 2009)
1. Navara Rice:Kerala
2. Palakkadan Matta Rice:Kerala
3. Malabar Pepper :Kerala
4. Alleppey Green Cardamom:Kerala
5. Coorg Green Cardamom:Karnataka
6. Allahabad Surkha – Uttar Pradesh (Guava)
1. Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee:Karnataka
2. Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee:Karnataka
1. Alleppy Coir : Kerala
1. E I Leather : Tamilnadu
1. Kasuti Embroidery : Karnataka
1. Mysore Sandalwood Oil : Karnataka
1. Aranmula Kannadi : Kerala
2. Bidriware : Karnataka
3. Channapatna Toys & Dolls : Karnataka
4. Mysore Rosewood Inlay : Karnataka
5. Kondapalli Bommallu : Andhra Pradesh
6. Silver Filigree of Karimnagar : Andhra Pradesh
7. Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil : Tamil Nadu
8. Thanjavur Art Plate : Tamil Nadu
9. Applique – Khatwa Patch Work of Bihar : Bihar
10. Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar : Bihar
11. Sikki Grass Work of Bihar : Bihar
12. Ganjifa cards of Mysore (Karnataka) : Karnataka
13. Karnataka Bronze Ware : Karnataka
1. Mysore Jasmine : Karnataka
2. Udupi Jasmine : Karnataka
3. Hadagali Jasmine : Karnataka
4. Coorg Orange : Karnataka
5. Mysore Betel leaf : Karnataka
6. Nanjanagud Banana : Karnataka
1. Mysore Agarbathi
1. Mysore Traditional Paintings : Karnataka
2. Madhubani Paintings : Bihar
3. Thanjavur Paintings : Tamil Nadu
1. Mysore Sandal Soap – Karnataka
Textiles & Textile Goods:
1. Pochampalli Ikat : Andhra Pradesh
2. Salem Fabric : Tamil Nadu
3. Chanderi Fabric : Madhya Pradesh
4. Solapur Chaddar : Maharashtra
5. Solapur Terry Towel : Maharashtra
6. Kotpad Handloom fabric : Orrissa
7. Mysore Silk : Karnataka
8. Kota Doria : Rajasthan
9. Kancheepuram Silk : Tamil Nadu
10. Kullu Shawl : Himachal Pradesh
11. Madurai Sungudi : Tamil Nadu
12. Orissa Ikat : Orissa
13. Srikalahasthi Kalamkari : Andhra Pradesh
14. Muga Silk : Assam
15. Ilkal Sarees : Karnataka
16. Nakshi Kantha : New Delhi
17. Navalgund Durries : Karnataka
18. Molakalmuru Sarees : Karnataka
19. Salem Silk : Tamil Nadu
20. Kovai Cora Cotton : Tamil Nadu
21. Arani Silk : Tamil Nadu
22. Bhavani Jamakkalam (carpet ) : Tamil Nadu
1. Coimbatore Wet Grinder